Spotlights: Challenging the status quo; Peruvian liberator


Author: Ed Cohen

You have a better idea?

If you’re going to challenge the status quo at the office, it appears you’d better have an innovative solution to propose.

A study by J. Michael Crant, Notre Dame associate professor of management, and colleagues at the University of Illinois-Chicago, found that criticism for the sake of criticism isn’t looked on kindly in the work place and won’t move you up the ladder. More likely, it will create ill will.

The researchers examined 180 working adults over a two-year period, looking carefully at behaviors that advanced careers. They found that the key to getting ahead was to take such proactive steps as networking and seeking visible job assignments.

—John Monczunski

Off by four years

José de San Martín saw hostilities as “dying out” and “reason . . . starting to reign” in Peru in January 1821. At the time he was commanding forces seeking to win Peru’s independence from Spain. Unfortunately, resistance from the Spanish colonial forces would continue in the Peruvian highlands until 1825, relates Scott Van Jacob, Notre Dame associate librarian, in an article published in the University Libraries newsletter Access.

San Martín, considered the George Washington of South America along with Simón de Bolívar, made his optimistic assessment in a letter, the original of which was donated to the Notre Dame libraries last year. A collection of 45 handwritten letters composed by San Martín between 1814 and 1821 was given to the University by Beverly and Robert ‘63 O’Grady. Robert O’Grady is an investment professional originally from Argentina.

A native of Argentina, San Martín fought for Spain against Napoleon before leading Argentina to independence in 1816. He’s also known as the liberator of Chile and Peru. He returned to Europe in 1824 and lived in France until his death in 1850.

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